The Hebrew Bible relates Solomon as the son of King David. Once you begin to research King Solomon the sources become very scarce outside of the Bible.
He ruled from 971 B.C. to 931 B.C. This was during the period of time historians recognize as the “Dark Age”. Many of the centralized empires during the late Bronze Age had collapsed and the new Iron Age monarchies had not risen.
Many structures have been excavated at Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer that are mentioned in the Bible and are attributed to Solomon, however, the dating is off almost a century.
The Bible relates several accomplishments of Solomon. They are:
1. his stunning judicial wisdom (1 Kings 3)
2. lavish and extravagant food (1 Kings 4)
3. a palatial dwelling larger than the Temple (1 Kings 7)
4. fortifying such strategic cities as Hazor, Megiddo, and Gezer (1 Kings 9)
5. dazzling the fabled Queen of Sheba (1 Kings 10; 2 Chronicles 9)
6. success in international trade, as much as 25 tons of gold annually (1 Kings 10)
7. building a large standing military including calvary and chariots (2 Chronicles 9)